What is Vaginal Candidiasis – Vaginal Thrush? What you should know.


"Vaginal itching, thick white Vaginal discharges and pain during urination;do any of these ring a bell?". These are common symptoms of an infection known as Vaginal Candidiasis, commonly called vaginal thrush, or thrush.
vaginal candidiasis
Vaginal thrush is an infection of the vagina by the yeast Candida albicans. it is naturally found on the skin, intestine and in small numbers in the vagina, usually without causing an infection, except in the event of an overgrowth. 
Vaginal Candidiasis is a common infection among women, and 75% of women (three in every four) will have at least one episode of vaginal thrush in their lifetime.
It is important to note that vaginal thrush is not a sexually transmitted infection (STI), though its symptoms may be similar to them. Vaginal thrush is caused by an increase in the number of the yeast Candida albicans in the vagina. This may be due to:
-Antibiotic use - This is why it is important not to use antibiotics unnecessarily.
-Changes in menstrual cycle
-Weak immune system e.g. HIV
-Washing of genital areas with soaps, detergents, perfumed products and douching
-Wearing tight-fitting clothes and synthetic underwears


To diagnose vaginal thrush, your doctor may need to examine your genitals or take swab from your vagina.


-Thick White vaginal discharge with yeasty odour

-Stinging or burning pain while urinating

-Pain during sex

-Red,sore and swollen vagina or vulva

-Splits or crack on the Vaginal Skin


The good news about vaginal candidiasis is that it is easily treated. Sometimes, the infection is self-limiting and doesn't require the use of drugs.

Antifungal drugs are used to treat vaginal thrush, and can be used orally (by mouth), or through the vagina by means of vaginal creams or tablets.

Vaginal Creams and Pessaries

These are usually applied or inserted into the vagina with the aid of a provided applicator, from a period of one to six days. The most common are Clotrimazole cream and pessaries (Canesten, Mycoten), Miconazole (Gyno-Daktarin).

Antifungal Tablets or Capsules

One of the very common ones is Fluconazole (Diflucan, Flucamed), usually taken 150mg as a single dose.


Vaginal tablets are best used when you are ready to retire for the day.

If you are on oral contraceptives, tell your pharmacist before prescription is made.

Do not use Fluconazole if you are pregnant.

Clotrimazole, the active drug in most vaginal pessaries damages latex condoms and diaphragms. It is best to abstain from sexual intercourse during the treatment.


Vaginal thrush can be prevented if you do the following

-Avoid using soap to wash your genitals.

-Avoid using antiseptics, douches or perfumed sprays on the genital area.

-Avoid using perfumed toilet papers or menstrual products.

-Always wipe your bottom from the front to the back after

going to the toilet. This will prevent the spread of

candida albicans in the anus from the anus to the vagina.

-Avoid wearing tight-fitting pants. 

-Wear more of cotton underwear. 

-You should not always sleep with your underwear.

-Let in some fresh air into your Vagina

-Do not wear wet underwear.

If you have recurrent episodes of thrush, please consult

your physician.

-by Pharmacist Ize


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