Pelvic Inflammatory Disease:
Pelvic inflammatory disease, commonly called PID, is an infection of the female reproductive organs.
It usually occurs when sexually transmitted bacteria spread from your vagina to your uterus,
fallopian tubes or ovaries.
The pelvis is located in the lower abdomen and includes the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, the cervix, and the uterus.Alternative names for PID include Oophoritis; Salpingitis; Salpingo-oophoritis; Salpingo-peritonitis
Each year, more than 1 million women in the U.S. experience an episode of PID. As a result of PID,
more than 100,000 women become infertile each year. In addition, a large proportion of the 100,000
ectopic (tubal) pregnancies that occur each year can be linked to PID. The rate of infection is highest among teenagers.
Many women who develop pelvic inflammatory disease either experience no signs or symptoms or don’t seek treatment. Pelvic inflammatory disease may be detected only later when you have trouble getting pregnant or if you develop chronic pelvic pain.
CAUSES OF PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE
PID is one of the most serious complications of a sexually transmitted disease in women: It can lead to irreversible damage to the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, or other parts of the female reproductive system, and is the primary preventable cause of infertility in women.
Several different types of bacteria can cause PID, including the same bacteria that cause the
sexually transmitted infections (STIs) gonorrhea and chlamydia. What commonly occurs is that bacteria first enter the vagina and cause an infection. As time passes, this infection can move into the
pelvic organs. This condition can become extremely dangerous—even life threatening—if the infection
spreads to your blood.
The risk of having pelvic inflammatory disease is higher when you have chlamydia or gonorrhea, however, some other reasons could engender pelvic inflammatory disease and they incude
-indulging in unprotected sex
-promiscuity(having several sex partners)
-using an intrauterine device(IUD) to prevent pregnancy
-Women who have had a prior episode of PID are at higher risk for another episode.
-Sexually active teenagers
-Get prompt treatment for Sexually Transmitted Dseases(STIs).
-You can prevent PID by practicing safe sex.
-The only absolute way to prevent an STI is to not have sex (abstinence).
-You can reduce your risk by having a sexual relationship with only one person. This is called being
-Your risk will also be reduced if you and your sexual partners get tested for STIs before starting
a sexual relationship.
-Using a condom every time you have sex also reduces your risk.