PREGNANCY-INDUCED HYPERTENSION- How it Affects The Mother & Baby


How Pregnancy-induced hypertension affects the Baby
In severe conditions, hypertension prevents blood supply to the placenta. When this happens, the baby is not able to have enough oxygen and nutrients necessary for it to develop properly. This may result in the baby having low weight when delivered.

However, with regular antenatal care, a hypertensive mother could still be delivered of a healthy baby. Pregnancy-induced hypertension may also result in placenta abruption or separation from the uterus before it is due to. Normally, the placenta should stay connected to the uterus until the baby is delivered. When the placenta separates from the uterus before birth, the baby is deprived of oxygen critically needed for survival.

The risk of having premature baby at birth is very high in women with very serious high blood pressure during pregnancy.  Premature babies comes with health issues.

How Pregnancy-induced hypertension affects the mother.
The mother could experience heavy bleeding which may be life threatening if the placenta separates from the uterus before the placenta is due to. It has been discovered that women who develop preeclampsia are at a higher risk of developing heart disease later in life even if their blood pressure returns to normal after delivery.

Can pregnancy-induced hypertension be prevented?
Generally, there is no known way to prevent or cure hypertension. This is because while some of the causes can be controlled, some other causes like genetic or family history cannot. Therefore in order to reduce chances of having pregnancy-induced hypertension, it is advised that a woman planning to conceive or who has just conceived should observe a lifestyle that may considerably reduce factors that may contribute to hypertension.
The following are generally advised:

a. Cut down on salt intake as much as possible
b.increase your protein intake
c. Avoid fried or junk foods as much as possible
d. Exercise regularly but moderately
e Drink at least 8 cups of water everyday
f Regularly have adequate rest
g Avoid alcoholic drinks
h. Avoid drinks or beverages that contain caffeine
i Consult your Doctor to check your health status and advise you appropriately before you conceive
j.Take your antenatal visits seriously
k.Share personal concerns(imaginary or real) relating to hypertension with your doctor
l. Follow your antenatal care provider’s advise on diet and supplements.

-coined from Natal digest

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