Dealing with aging – Cancer

Although the title of article tends to suggest its focus on the ageing, however, you need to know that cancer affects all ages. According to National Cancer Institute, young adults are more likely to be diagnosed with certain cancers, (such as Hodgkin lymphoma, melanoma, testicular cancer, thyroid cancer, and sarcomas) than either younger children or older adults.
About 70,000 young people (ages 15-39) are diagnosed with cancer each year in the United States – accounting for about 5% of cancer diagnosis in the United States. This is about six times the number of cancers diagnosed in children ages 0-14.
The risk of developing most types of cancer increases with age. As women age, the rate of cervical cancer decreases, and endometrial cancer increases. What to do: women should get regular gynecological exams after their childbearing years.

Ageing increases the risk of prostate cancer and black men have a higher rate than white men do. What to do:  Screening should start in your 40s, and at the very least should involve a digital rectal examination.

Smoking increases the chances of lung cancer. The National Cancer Institute estimated that in 2014, about 1,665,540 persons will be diagnosed with cancer, and of that number, 224,210 of those diagnosed will be related to tobacco use alone. Lung cancer accounts for more deaths than breast cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer combined. What to do: Stop smoking.
Lifestyle Choices May Prevent Cancer.
One-third of all cancer deaths in the United States each year are linked to diet, physical activity, overweight or obesity.  Tobacco products alone account for another one third.
Cancer Risk Factors
Body weight (over weight or obese),
Diet and physical activity,
Basic Health Tips
Check your skin for new moles; large, or irregular, showing multiple color or changes in color. 
An open dialogue with a family doctor supports important preventive measures on a timely basis, and if any tests suggest possible cancer, the result can be further explored quickly.
Minimize sedentary behavior such as sitting, lying down, watching TV, and other forms of screen-based entertainment.
Get activities that are more physical into your life. It is generally beneficial to your health.
Eat a healthy diet, with an emphasis on plant foods.
Get Routine Medical Care.
Women in their 20s and 30s should have a Clinical Breast Exam (CBE) as part of a periodic (regular) health exam by a health professional, at least every 3 years. After age 40, women should have a breast exam by a health professional every year.
Below are some diet and exercise recommendations developed by the American Cancer Society (Nutrition and Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee)
Achieve and maintain a healthy weight throughout life.
Daily physical activity for Adults: Do a minimum of 150 minutes of moderately intense activity or 75 minutes of vigorously intense activity or a combination of both. Do this daily or preferably, spread throughout the week.
Daily physical activity for Children and teens: Do at least 1 hour of moderate or vigorous intensity activity daily with at least 2.5 hours of moderate intensity aerobic activity each week.
Women age 40 and older should have a screening mammogram every year and should continue to do so for as long as they are in good health, or up to age 70 if there are no other risk factors.
Beginning at age 50, both men and women at average risk for developing colorectal cancer should use one of the screening tests:
§    Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years.
§    Colonoscopy every 10 years.
§    Double-contrast barium enema every 5 years.
§    CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy) every 5 years
Pap smear
All women from 21yrs old should start up cervical cancer screening.  From 21 to 29 years, all women should get a Pap test every 3 years. HPV testing should not be used for screening in this age group (although it may be used as a part of follow-up for an abnormal Pap test).
At age 30, co-testing should be the preferred screening method, which is a combination of Pap and HPV test. It is recommended every 5 years and should continue until age 65. Alternatively women between 30 to 65 should get tested every 3 years with just the Pap test.
Remember Lifestyle Choices may Prevent Cancer, make the right choices


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