2,400 babies suffer brain damage – Zika – mosquito-borne virus


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The host of the 2016 Olympic Games, “Rio de Janeiro”, in Brazil also effected with mosquito-borne virus responsible for brain damage in 2,400 babies


The Brazilian health ministry report 2,400 cases of babies born in 2015 with abnormally small heads.
On Nov 28, Brazil’s health ministry disclosed that it had found the virus responsible for a rare condition in which infants are born with shrunken skulls. The virus named Zika was found in a baby with microcephaly during an autopsy after the child died.
According to the Brazilian health authorities, a mosquito-borne virus is believed to be the cause of thousands of infants being born with damaged brains. Reports given, traced the origin of the pathogen, “Zika” to forest monkeys in Africa over 70 years ago. The virus causes mild symptoms in most victims, but can cause neurological damages or even lead to death.
Over 20 of the nation’s 27 states have recorded the condition. 1,031 cases and three deaths in Pernambuco, 429 cases and five deaths in Paraiba and 271 cases and 10 deaths in Bahia accounts for some of the highest incidence.
The coordination and control rooms combating the microcephaly across 18 states intend to mobilize and intensify actions to combat the Aedes aegypti mosquito responsible for the three viruses; Zika, dengue fever and Chikungunya.
 About the Zika virus
  • Over 11,000 (about three-quarters) of Yap Island’s residents were infected in 2007.
  • An estimated 28,000 people were ill in Tahiti and other parts of French Polynesia in 2013 
  • According to reports from the World Health Organization, the virus has been traced to the West African nation of Cape Verde and it has led to additional illnesses in Panama and Honduras.

  • The virus have been found in a few travelers who returned to the the United States from overseas. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are no cases of people infected by mosquitoes in the States.

  • Contrary to 147 cases of microcephaly recorded in 2014 in Brazil, there are presently well over 2,400-suspected cases of microcephaly and 29 deaths of infants that is currently being investigated in Brazil.

In an interview with CNN, a pediatric infectious diseases specialist(Angela Rocha,) in Pernambuco, one of the hardest hit states, suggested that women may want to refrain from getting pregnant.
Preventive measures being used by Brazil  
  • Public education and campaigns to sensitize residents to use insect repelant and limit time spent outdoors
  •  Mosquito eradication teams have embarked on house-to-house visit to treat places where aedes aegypti mosquito that carries the virus might breed.
  • In addition, the health ministry said it was sending truckloads of larvicide to treat 3,560 Olympic-sized swimming pools — to northeastern and southeastern states. These regions have recorded some of the highest spread.
  • The ministry also plans to add 266,000 new community health agents to make the house calls.

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