Some nuclear expert’s tried to estimate the consequence of a nuclear war;
If two nations like the united states and Russia were to detonate less than 10 percent of its total nuclear arsenal over each other’s largest cities, the least damage that will be done will be;
- 35 million deaths, 10 million severe injuries each in both nations, and destruction of one-half the total industrial capacity of each nation.
- 40 years after the war, local and global fallout may lead to 1 million thyroid cancers, 300,000 other cancers, 1.5 million thyroid abnormalities, 100,000 miscarriages, and, perhaps, 300,000 genetic defects.
When North Korea announced that it had successfully tested a hydrogen bomb on Wednesday, the entire globe seem to have lost sleep because the threat and potential consequences of a hydrogen bomb may blow your mind.
However, we do not have to worry only about the Koreans, or the five permanent United Nations Security Council members (US, UK, Russia, China and France), who are known to posses and check the development and possession of nuclear weapons, rather we should be concerned about the rise in terrorism and the use of bombs.
The CIA reported to congress, in the 1990’s, how that the infamous Osama Bin Laden attempted to acquire nuclear devices, yet more groups emerge.
What is a hydrogen bomb?
Fox News referred to it as the “nuclear weapons nuclear weapon”. It is a thousand times more powerful than the “A-bomb” (atomic bomb) used by the American forces on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 with over 200,000 deaths.
Simply put, the H-bomb (hydrogen or thermonuclear bomb) is a combo of two bombs, the A-bomb (which functions as the trigger of the H-bomb) and the H-bomb, thus leading to a twin explosion which occurs virtually the same instant
A high level of heat is required to initiate the process for the atoms to smash together and start a nuclear chain reaction hence it is also referred to as thermonuclear weapons.
The extent of damage may depend on the distance from the centre of the bomb blast also referred to as hypo center or ground zero. The closer you are to the ground zero, the more intense will be the damage.
Heat, pressure and radioactive fallouts are major causes of the damage from such explosions. Temperatures at ground zero may be as high as 300,000,000 degree Celsius or 500,000,000 Fahrenheit leading to immediate vaporization of everything.
Causes of injuries in an explosion
- Burns from heat as high as 300,000,000 degree Celsius or 500,000,000 Fahrenheit
- Injuries from contact with flying debris such as collapsed buildings from the shock waves.
- Exposure to high radiation
Persons far from the immediate blast premise may become casualties owing to heat waves, fire resulting from the heat wave or radiation impact.
- On the long run, the impact of wind may result to radioactive fallouts leading to spread of the bomb blast effect to other areas. People in these areas may consume contaminated water or inhale polluted air which may have been infected by particles of the radioactive fallout.
- Radiation drops to trace level only after 300 hours of explosion, hence within an hour after explosion, radiation retains up to 90% of the original level and only reduces to about 1% after two days.
Effect of radiation
- Radiation and radioactive fallout may affect the body, body organs or even cells in the body such as; reproductive organs, hair, intestine, and bone marrow including other cells that actively divides.
- The consequence may be loss of blood cells, cataract, and hair loss, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
- With these conditions, the risk of cancer, leukemia, infertility or other birth defects may be high.
Signs of exposure to radiation
- Death, especially those within the premise of the radiation exposure.
- Radiation poisoning may also lead to death weeks later.
- Radiation sickness
- Risk of cancer
- Vomiting, fatigue, weakness, headache, diarrhea, thermal burns such as skin effects, reoccurring bleeding, and hair loss are also signs of exposure.
Treatment of Radiation exposure
At least 95% of external radioactive materials can be removed from an infected person if detection and decontamination is carried out early enough.
Decontamination can be done by
- Absolute removal of clothing and shoes from the victim, and then wash the victim with water
- Further decontamination measures may include the use of bleaches and mild abrasives.
- Treatment of a person exposed to radiation is ascertained by the type of radioactive isotopes the victim may have been exposed to and it is best within the first six weeks to two months after exposure
- Victim may be treated for hemorrhage and shock.
In case of exposed cut or wounds on the victim’s body, irrigation is often used to clear any trace of radioactive substances and In the event of intense contamination of wound that are unlikely treatable, medical personnel may decide to amputate limbs.
When the radioactive substance is inhaled
- For victims that inhaled the substance, the stomach can be pumped, laxatives or aluminum antacids can also be given as treatment to minimize the extent of absorption, and aid the process of excretion for total elimination.
- Blocking and diluting agents like potassium iodide may be used to decrease absorption if radioactive material has gotten in to a victim’s internal organs and tissues.
When internal organs and tissues are infected;
In order to compel the tissues to release the harmful isotopes in cases where the radioactive materials has infected internal body organs and tissues, victims may be given:
- Chelating agents that can form strong bonds with certain metals, and when they do, they form stable a complex which in a soluble state can be easily excreted via the kidney.
- Inhalants or mobilizing agents are used. Mobilizing agents may include ammonium chloride, diuretics, and expectorants.