Zika just got enlisted in the list of STDs, virus detected in semen, virus reported in more than 30 countries. Find out
Science, medicine and the world may have been shocked to know that, contrary to the initial opinion on Zika being spread via mosquito’s bite, specifically the “Aedes genus”, sex is also a form of transmission of the virus.
Only a day after the World Health Organization declared an international public health emergency, the first known case of Zika virus transmission was reported in Texas, United States.
On Tuesday, local health officials reported that it was likely contracted through sex and not a mosquito bite. Also on Tuesday, WHO officials expressed concern that it could hit Africa and Asia as well.
The virus which began in Brazil is known for severe birth defects in thousands of babies in Brazil and is spreading rapidly in the Americas.
The Department of health, Dallas County in a report via Twitter, said that the infected person who had not traveled to the South American country got infected through sexual contact with someone who had traveled to Venezuela.
According to Dr Tom Frieden on Twitter, the CDC Director, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the case is the first in U.S and has to do with someone who had not traveled abroad in the current outbreak.
What to Do
Although, CDC said they have not investigated how the virus was transmitted, but they advice men to consider;
- Using condoms after trip to areas with the Zika virus.
- Pregnant women should avoid contact with semen from men exposed to the virus.
- Blood donors who have traveled to areas such as Mexico, the Caribbean, or Central or South America where the Zika virus outbreak have been recorded, have been told to wait for a minimum of 28 days before donating. said the American Red Cross on Tuesday.
In its assessment via a statement, the Texas Department of State Health Services said the case details are being evaluated, but the possibility of sexual transmission from an infected person to a non-infected person is probable considering there were no reports of the virus being transmitted by mosquitoes in the Texas County.
To support the speculation of a possible spread via sex, international health officials had previously, identified one U.S. case of possible sexual transmission from person-to-person.
According to the Pan American Health Organization, more evidence was required to confirm sexual contact as a means of Zika transmission. But, the medical literature also recorded a case in which the virus was detected in semen.
The virus has been reported in more than 30 countries and linked to microcephaly, in which babies have abnormally small heads and improperly developed brains.