Do you suddenly experience a presssing and uncontrollable urge?, you are not alone. 4.8 million Australians and over half of America’s older men and women also experience this sudden urge.Urge incontinence, over active bladder (OAB) or “spastic bladder,” is interchangeably referred to as, “an overactive bladder” or urge incontinence. This is an involuntary loss of urine that usually occurs when a person has a strong, sudden need to urinate. Urge incontinence is not a disease. Rather, it is a sign that there is an underlying problem.
This is What Causes Urge Incontinence?
Abnormal Bladder contraction: Urge incontinence can be caused by abnormal bladder contractions. Usually, strong muscles referred to as sphincters, control the flow of urine from your bladder.
However, due to urge incontinence, the muscles of an “overactive” bladder contract with enough force to override the sphincter muscles of the urethra, which is the tube that takes urine out of the body.
Reasons why your bladder may experience abnormal contractions:
Improper functioning: The bladder may not function properly especially if its nerves are damaged by various diseases such as diabetes, stroke, multiple sclerosis, or Parkinson’s disease.
· Spinal cord damage
· Irritated bladde
Unidentified causes: In most cases, the cause of urge incontinence may not be identified
Symptoms of Urge Incontinence you should watch out for.
The main symptom of urge incontinence is the sudden urge to urinate
and the involuntary loss of urine at inappropriate times. For instance, you may leak urine in public or while you are sleeping.
What categories of people are at risk of Urge Incontinence?
· Older adults.
· Men who have done prostate surgery.
· Prostate conditions, such as enlarged prostate or prostatitis.
· Women who may have gone through C-section or other pelvic surgery.
· Persons with nerve damage caused by diabetes, stroke, or injury.
· Persons suffering from urinary tract infections.
· Persons with certain cancers, including the bladder and prostate.
Treatment of Urge Incontinence
Urge incontinence can be treated with a variety of behavioral treatments, medications, electrical stimulation, or with surgery. Sometimes a combination of treatments is used.
Behavioral Treatments for Urge Incontinence
One way of dealing with urge incontinence is to simply change some of your behaviors or life style. For instance, if you can anticipate when your bladder is overactive and may be contracting abnormally, you can take action to avoid any mishaps or urine leakage.
Here are some techniques that may be helpful.
Biofeedback: Timed voiding and bladder training are two biofeedback techniques that will help.
With Biofeedback practice, you will learn and understand how your body behaves. When you do, you will know when it is not functioning properly. In the case of urge incontinence, biofeedback can help you recognize when your bladder is overactive.
Use a chart to record the times that you urinate and when you leak urine so as to get an idea of your leakage “patterns.” This will enable you go to the bathroom at those times in order avoid future leakages.
Bladder Training: With bladder training, you can “stretch out” the intervals at which you go to the bathroom. Delay a little longer before you use the convenience.
To start, you may
§ Plan to use the bathroom once in an hour.
§ Follow this pattern for a period of time.
§ Change the schedule so that you are going to the bathroom every 90 minutes.
§ Subsequently you can lengthen the interval to every two hours.
§ Increase the time until you are up to three or four hours between bathroom visits.
You can use adult diapers to prevent leakages.
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